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With an estimated population of 8, distributed over a land area of about New york article city's fast pace [24] [25] [26] has inspired the term New York minute. Situated on one of the world's largest natural harbors[31] [32] New York City consists of five boroughsnew york article, each of which is a separate county of the State of New York.

New York City traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in on Lower Manhattan ; the post was named New Amsterdam in Many districts and landmarks in New York City are well known, with the city having three of the world's ten most visited tourist attractions in [56] and receiving a record Manhattan's real estate market is among the most expensive in the world.

James's older brother, King Charles IIhad appointed the Duke proprietor of the former territory of New Netherlandincluding the city of New Amsterdamwhich England had recently seized from the Dutch. That action also left bedrock at a relatively shallow depth, providing a solid foundation for most of Manhattan's skyscrapers. In the precolonial erathe area of present-day New York City was inhabited by Algonquian Native Americansincluding the Lenapewhose homeland, known as Lenapehokingincluded Staten Island; the western portion of Long Island, including the area that would become Brooklyn and Queens; Manhattan; the Bronx; and the Lower Hudson Valley.

The first documented visit into New York Harbor by a European was in by Giovanni da Verrazzanonew york article, a Florentine new york article in the service of the French crown. Hudson's first mate described the harbor as "a very good Harbour for all windes" and the river as "a mile broad" and "full of fish. Born in Santo Domingo of Portuguese and African descent, he arrived in Manhattan during the winter of —14, trapping for pelts and trading with the new york article population as a representative of the Dutch.

A permanent European presence in New Netherland began new york article — making New York the 12th oldest continuously occupied European-established settlement in the continental United States [97] — with the founding of a Dutch fur trading settlement on Governors Island.

It extended from the lower tip of Manhattan to modern day Wall Street ,where a foot wooden stockade was built in to protect against Native American and British Raids. Following the purchase, New Amsterdam grew slowly. This program had little success.

In —, new york article, in an effort to bolster economic growth, the Dutch West India Company relinquished its monopoly over the fur trade, leading to growth in the production and trade of food, timber, tobacco, and slaves particularly with the Dutch West Indies. During his tenure, the population of New Netherland grew from 2, to 8, He instituted regulations on liquor sales, attempted to assert control over the Dutch Reformed Churchnew york article, and blocked other religious groups including QuakersJewsand Lutherans from establishing houses of worship.

Inunable to summon any significant resistance, Stuyvesant surrendered New Amsterdam to English troops, led by Colonel Richard Nicollswithout bloodshed.

Several intertribal wars among the Native Americans and some epidemics brought on by contact with the Europeans caused sizeable population losses for the Lenape between the years and New York grew in importance as a trading port while under British rule in the early s.

Slavery became integrally tied to New York's economy through the labor of slaves throughout the port, new york article, and the banks and shipping tied to the American South. Discovery of the African Burying Ground in the s, during construction of a new federal courthouse near Foley Squarerevealed that tens of thousands of Africans had been buried in the area in the colonial years.

The trial and acquittal in Manhattan of John Peter Zengerwho had been accused of seditious libel after criticizing colonial governor William Cosbyhelped to establish the freedom of the press in North America. The Stamp Act Congress met in New York in Octoberas the Sons new york article Libertyorganized in the city, skirmished over the next ten years with British troops stationed there, new york article.

The city was a haven for Loyalist refugees and escaped slaves who joined the British lines for freedom newly promised by the Crown for all fighters, new york article. As many as 10, escaped slaves crowded into the city during the British occupation. When the British forces evacuated at the close of the war inthey transported 3, freedmen for resettlement in New york article Scotia.

The only attempt at a peaceful solution to the war took place at the Conference House on Staten Island between American delegates, including Benjamin Franklinand British general Lord Howe on September 11, Shortly after the British occupation began, the Great Fire of New York occurred, new york article, a large conflagration on the West Side of Lower Manhattan, which destroyed about a quarter of the buildings in the city, including Trinity Church.

Inthe assembly of the Congress of the Confederation made New York City the national capital shortly after the war. New York was the last capital of the U. Under New York State's gradual abolition act ofchildren of slave mothers were to be eventually liberated but to be held in indentured servitude until their mid-to-late twenties. New York interracial abolitionist activism continued; among its leaders were graduates of the African Free School.

The city's black population reached more than 16, in In the 19th century, the city was transformed by development relating to new york article status as a national and international trading center, as well as by European immigration. The completion of the Erie Canal through central New York connected the Atlantic port to the agricultural markets and commodities of the North American interior via the Hudson River and the Great Lakes.

Public-minded members of the contemporaneous business elite lobbied for the establishment of Central Parkwhich in became the first landscaped park in an American city, new york article. The Great Irish Famine brought a large influx of Irish immigrants, new york article, of new york article overwere living in New York byupwards of a quarter of the city's population.

Democratic Party candidates were consistently elected to local office, increasing the city's ties to the South and its dominant party. InMayor Fernando Wood called upon the aldermen to declare independence from Albany and the United States after the South seceded, but his proposal was not acted on.

The situation deteriorated into attacks on New York's elite, followed by attacks on Black New Yorkers and their property after fierce competition for a decade between Irish immigrants and black people for work, new york article. New york article burned the Colored Orphan Asylum to the ground, with more than children escaping harm due to efforts of the New York Police Departmentwhich was mainly made up of Irish immigrants.

The black population in Manhattan fell below 10, bywhich it had last been in The white working class had established dominance. Inthe modern City of New York was formed with the consolidation of Brooklyn until then a separate citythe County of New York which then included parts of the Bronxthe County of Richmond, and the western portion of the County of Queens.

Inthe steamship General Slocum caught fire in the East Riverkilling 1, people on board. New York's non-white population was 36, in New York became the most populous urbanized area in the world in the early s, overtaking London. The metropolitan area surpassed the 10 million mark in the early s, becoming the first megacity in human history, new york article.

Returning World War II veterans created a post-war economic boom and the development of large housing tracts in eastern Queens and Nassau County as well as similar suburban areas in New Jersey. New York emerged from the war unscathed as the leading city of the world, with Wall Street leading America's place as the world's dominant economic power, new york article.

The United Nations Headquarters was completed insolidifying New York's global geopolitical influence, and the rise of abstract expressionism in the city precipitated New York's displacement of Paris as the center of the art world. The Stonewall riots were a series of spontaneous, violent demonstrations by members of the gay community against a police raid that took place in the early new york article hours of June 28,at the Stonewall Inn in the Greenwich Village neighborhood of Lower Manhattan.

Dynesauthor of the Encyclopedia of Homosexualitywrote that drag queens were the only "transgender folks around" during the June Stonewall riots. In the s, job losses due to industrial restructuring caused New York City to suffer from economic problems and rising crime rates. Important new sectors, such as Silicon Alleyemerged in the city's economy. New York suffered the bulk of the economic damage and largest loss of human life in the aftermath of the September 11, attacks.

The North Tower became the tallest building ever to be destroyed anywhere then or subsequently, new york article. A temporary station was built and opened on November 23, The Occupy Wall Street protests in Zuccotti Park in the Financial District new york article Lower Manhattan began on September 17,receiving global attention and popularizing the Occupy movement against social and economic inequality worldwide.

The Bronx Rivernew york article, which flows through the Bronx and Westchester Countyis the only entirely fresh water river in the city. The city's land has been altered substantially by human intervention, with considerable land reclamation along the waterfronts since Dutch colonial times; reclamation is most prominent in Lower Manhattanwith developments such as Battery Park City in the s and s.

The city's total area is New York has architecturally noteworthy buildings in a wide range of styles and from distinct time periods, from the saltbox style Pieter Claesen Wyckoff House in Brooklyn, the oldest section of which dates toto the modern One World Trade Centernew york article, the skyscraper at Ground Zero in Lower Manhattan and the most expensive office tower in the world by construction cost. Manhattan's skylinewith its many skyscrapers, is universally recognized, and the city has been home to several of the tallest buildings in the world.

The Zoning Resolution required setbacks in new buildings and restricted towers to a percentage of the lot sizeto allow sunlight to reach the streets below. The buildings have distinctive ornamentation, such as the eagles at the corners of the 61st floor on the Chrysler Building, and are considered some of the finest examples of the Art Deco style.

The character of New York's large residential districts is often defined by the elegant brownstone rowhouses and townhouses and shabby tenements that were built during a period of rapid expansion from to In neighborhoods such as Riverdale in the BronxDitmas Park in Brooklynand Douglaston in Queenslarge single-family homes are common in various architectural styles such as Tudor Revival and Victorian.

Stone and brick became the city's building materials of choice after the construction of wood-frame houses was limited in the aftermath of the Great Fire of In the s, the city required their installation on buildings higher than six stories to prevent the need for excessively high water pressures at lower elevations, which could break municipal water pipes.

According to the United States Geological Surveyan updated analysis of seismic hazard in July revealed a "slightly lower new york article for tall buildings" in New York City than previously assessed, new york article. Scientists estimated this lessened risk based upon a lower likelihood than previously thought of slow shaking near the city, which would be more likely to cause damage to taller structures from an earthquake in the vicinity of the city.

New York City is often referred to collectively as the five boroughsand in turn, there are hundreds of distinct neighborhoods throughout the boroughs, many with a definable history and character to call their own.

The suburbs to the immediate north and west lie in the transitional zone between humid subtropical and humid continental climates Dfa. Winters are cold and damp, and prevailing wind patterns that blow sea breezes offshore temper the moderating effects of the Atlantic New york article yet the Atlantic and the partial shielding from colder air by the Appalachian Mountains keep the city warmer in the winter than inland North American cities at similar or lesser latitudes such as PittsburghCincinnatiand Indianapolis.

The daily mean temperature in January, the area's coldest month, is Spring and autumn are unpredictable and can range from chilly to warm, although they are usually mild with low humidity. Summers are typically warm to hot and humid, with a daily mean temperature of The city receives Average winter snowfall between and has been Hurricanes and tropical storms are rare in the New York area.

The warmest month on record is Julywith a mean temperature of The coldest month was Februarywith a mean temperature of The coldest year waswith a mean temperature of The wettest month was Augustwith The driest year on record iswith The wettest year waswith The snowiest season Jul-Jun on record is —, new york article, with The least snowy season was —, with 2. See Geography of New York City for additional climate information from the outer boroughs.

See or edit raw graph data. Gateway National Recreation Area contains over 26, acres 10, Hundreds of private properties are listed on the National Register of Historic Places or as a National Historic Landmark such as, for example, the Stonewall Innnew york article, new york article of the Stonewall National Monument in Greenwich Villageas the catalyst of the modern gay rights new york article. It also houses the th Transportation Brigade, the nd Aeromedical Staging Squadron, new york article a military entrance processing station.

Other formerly active military reservations still utilized for National Guard and military training or reserve operations in the city include Fort Wadsworth in Staten Island and Fort Totten in Queens.

More than 12 million European immigrants were received at Ellis Island between and

 

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Crime news from the New York Daily News. Article 10 provides for the siting review of new and repowered or modified major electric generating facilities in New York State by the Board on Electric Generation Siting and the Environment (Siting Board) in a unified proceeding instead of requiring a developer or owner of such a facility to apply for numerous state and local permits. Sep 08,  · Read the latest news and breaking news for local, U.S. and world events on the New York Post.